The SJV Greenprint collects and presents information about the Valley’s resources through existing maps, data sources, resource preservation programs, and local policies and regulations (e.g. General Plans, Water Management Plans, Habitat Conservation Plans, Agricultural Preservation Programs, etc.), and has developed new data sources where needed. The SJV Greenprint provides a quantitative and qualitative assessment of Valley resources and trends.
The website for the SJV Greenprint provides an interactive online map database of more than 100 GIS maps that can be visually overlaid to look at potentially complementary or competing uses of land and identify the spatial patterns of regionally significant resources.
The maps have been organized into major themes:
• Agriculture (Soils, crops, agricultural infrastructure)
• Biodiversity (Protected areas, restoration opportunities, habitat connectivity, and natural habitat)
• Water (Surface and groundwater resources)
• Energy (Opportunities for solar, wind, and oil)
Online resources can be accessed at: http://sjvgreenprint.ice.ucdavis.edu
Some places in the United States are sprawling out and some places are building in compact, connected ways. The difference between these two strategies affects the lives of millions of Americans.
In 2002, Smart Growth America released Measuring Sprawl and Its Impact, a landmark study that has been widely used by researchers to examine the costs and benefits of sprawling development. In peer-reviewed research, sprawl has been linked to physical inactivity, obesity, traffic fatalities, poor air quality, residential energy use, emergency response times, teenage driving, lack of social capital and private-vehicle commute distances and times.
Measuring Sprawl 2014 updates that research and analyzes development patterns in 221 metropolitan areas and 994 counties in the United States as of 2010, looking to see which communities are more compact and connected and which are more sprawling. Researchers used four primary factors—residential and employment density; neighborhood mix of homes, jobs and services; strength of activity centers and downtowns; and accessibility of the street network—to evaluate development in these areas and assign a Sprawl Index score to each. This report includes a list of the most compact and most sprawling metro areas in the country.
This report also examines how Sprawl Index scores relate to life in that community. The researchers found that several quality of life factors improve as index scores rise. Individuals in compact, connected metro areas have greater economic mobility. Individuals in these areas spend less on the combined cost of housing and transportation, and have greater options for the type of transportation to take. In addition, individuals in compact, connected metro areas tend to live longer, safer, healthier lives than their peers in metro areas with sprawl. Obesity is less prevalent in compact counties, and fatal car crashes are less common.
Finally, this report includes specific examples of how communities are building to be more connected and walkable, and how policymakers at all levels of government can support their efforts.
Click here http://valleyblueprint.org/san-joaquin-valley-higher-density-residential-housing-market-study.html for the project home page, which includes downloadable versions of the report and model.
In the discussion of smart growth and higher densities the question often arises, “But will it sell?” This is a reasonable concern for developers, lenders and local governments. Developers are in a business that relies on creating a desirable and sellable product. Lenders only finance projects they believe will be successful. Local governments want these products to contribute to quality, livable neighborhoods. The idea of increasing residential densities is often rejected by elected officials, agency staffs, developers, lenders, and the general public. This rejection is often based upon myths associated with high density development or the lack of information. The objective of this request for proposals is to develop information and modeling which will provide those involved in the land use planning and project approval process with better access to factual information to inform their decisions. The principle objective of the study is to determine the market demand for higher density residential housing types such as small lot attached and detached single family residential, town homes, medium and high rise residential or mixed use developments, TODs, infill, multi- family residential, etc. The Council of Fresno County Governments (Fresno COG), on behalf of the eight valley Regional Planning Agencies (RPAs), contracted with the Concord Group, as the selected consultant, to determine the need and market demand for higher density residential housing types.
This report presents demographic forecasts for the San Joaquin Valley and the eight county-wide Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) in the Valley. The MPOs may use these forecasts to assist in determining the impact of various development densities on the fiscal health of cities and counties in the San Joaquin Valley and identifying market demand for higher density residential housing projects associated with the preferred growth scenario of the San Joaquin Valley Regional Blueprint. Equally important, these forecasts can be incorporated into the common traffic model being developed for the MPOs. The forecasts may also be used to formulate items such as Sustainable Community Strategies required under SB 375 and the Regional Housing Needs Allocation, also required under state law.
*Please note: On April 5, 2012, the San Joaquin Valley Regional Planning Agencies' Directors' Committee accepted the final version of the San Joaquin Valley Demographic Forecast 2010-2050 (dated March 27, 2012), and directed staff to use the projections as input for the San Joaquin Valley Higher Density Residential Housing Market Study and San Joaquin Valley Fiscal Analysis Tool project; both projects are currently under-way.
In addition, the Directors' also directed staff to arrange future meetings with both the California Department of Finance (DOF) and the Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD) to discuss the final projections from this study and their possible effects upon planning activities in the Valley.
|San Joaquin Valley Demographic Forecasts - Final 27 Mar 2012.pdf||1.71 MB|
The suburban development that has characterized the post-World War II era has meant that Americans’ quality of life has relied on an ever-expanding road infrastructure that could keep pace with rapid population and automobile growth. With growing concern over the environmental effects of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), policymakers have considered how to lower vehicle miles traveled as a means of reducing GHGs. According to the California Air Resources Board, the transportation sector contributes about 37 percent of all GHGs emitted within the state, with passenger vehicles comprising 73 percent of this amount. With dramatic population growth forecast over the next several decades, public policies implemented today can have important economic, social, and environmental consequences for the future.
|Shawn-Kantor-The Financial and Institutional Challenges to Smart Growth Implementation- A Focus on California's Central Valley.pdf||511.46 KB|
California's San Joaquin Valley is a place of contradictions. It contains some of the most productive and wealth generating agricultural lands on the planet. At the same time, many of the people who produce this bounty live in poverty and often face health risks due to toxic by-products of the region’s economy.
The San Joaquin Valley is also a land of opportunity where California can learn important lessons on how to solve these most pressing problems to fulfill its promise as the Golden State.
(September 2010) This report provides an overview of the first four years of the San Joaquin Valley Blueprint (2005-2009), including the key players and participants, and the results of the Valleywide planning effort. The report is divided into six sections. Section 1 introduces the Valley Blueprint and provides some background on blueprint planning in California. Section 2 describes the agencies, organizations, and individuals that made the Valley Blueprint possible. Section 3 describes five stages of the Valley Blueprint planning process. Sections 4 and 5 describe the results of the Valleywide Blueprint effort and the eight county Blueprints that served as a foundation for the Valleywide Blueprint. Finally, Section 6 summarizes the next steps in implementing the San Joaquin Valley Blueprint.
The Blueprint Guidance Framework is made up of a set of 11 specific strategies intended to guide implementation of the Valley Blueprint. This Guidance Framework is one of three products that make up the San Joaquin Valley Blueprint Roadmap. The other two are the Blueprint Planning Process Summary Report and an Internet-based Planners Toolkit of programs and techniques local governments can use to implement the Blueprint.
This whitepaper was prepared at the direction of the San Joaquin Valley Regional Planning Agency Executive Committee. The views and opinions of the authors of this whitepaper do not necessarily reflect those of the San Joaquin Valley Regional Policy Council or the San Joaquin Valley Regional Planning Agency Executive Committee.